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Possible free first year of community college amid flurry of education-related bills signed by governor

Possible free first year of community college amid flurry of education-related bills signed by governor

Mikhail Zinshteyn, EdSource

Assemblymember Miguel Santiago speaks in help of AB 19 at Eagle Rock Excessive Faculty in Los Angeles. Kevin de Leon, President Professional Tempore of the State Senate (center), and Francisco Rodriguez, Chancellor, Los Angeles Community College District (proper), pay attention.

The first year of Community College could also be free to a further 19,000 college students underneath a brand new program referred to as California College Promise, established in a invoice signed by Gov. Jerry Brown final week.

Brown signed 89 % of the 977 bills despatched to him by the State Legislature by the Sunday deadlineThe governor thought-about some 127 bills associated to schooling or youngsters and signed about 100; some 26 have been vetoed, based on an EdSource tally.

Particulars about this and different notable bills associated to schooling that Brown has signed into regulation or vetoed — together with these with wide-ranging implications for early schooling, Okay-12 faculties and better schooling — may be discovered under. As well as, EdSource has compiled an entire itemizing of education-related bills signed and vetoed.

Whereas he not often provides messages to bills he indicators, Brown hooked up clarifying messages to at the least three education-related bills — one in search of an modification to a reserve cap invoice, one clarifying how far the sanctuary state invoice goes to guard immigrants, and one that means additional tweaks he believes are wanted to legal guidelines governing faculty development financing. The bills turn out to be regulation on Jan. 1.

California College Promise/Free Community College Tuition  (AB 19)

Meeting Invoice 19 signed by Gov. Brown handed overwhelmingly with some Republican help final month.  It opens up the likelihood that California’s community schools will supply free tuition to all full-time first-year college students, regardless of monetary want. Particulars for implementing the invoice, as nicely how will probably be funded, nonetheless have to be labored out by the Legislature.

The brand new regulation doesn’t specify precisely how tuition can be waived, and who precisely would profit, reflecting some of the modifications made to it within the remaining levels of the legislative course of.

The regulation states that “it is the intent of the legislature that sufficient funding be allocated to each community college to waive all student fees” pursuant to a different part of AB 19. That part, nevertheless, doesn’t require community schools to make use of the funds to waive scholar charges. As an alternative, it states that faculties “may use funding…to waive some or all fees” of first-year, full-time community college college students, who additionally submit a federal monetary help type often known as FAFSA or an software beneath California’s Dream Act for immigrant college students.

Tuition for full-time California residents ranges from roughly $1,100 to $1,400 a year, relying on the right track load. The free tuition, analysts predict, will value $30 million to $50 million a year.

However the regulation doesn’t have a funding mechanism but. Backers of the invoice say negotiations to fund AB 19 with further state cash will start early 2018 as half of the 2018-19 price range course of.

The regulation’s implementation might be labored out because the 2018-19 price range talks proceed, based on an aide to Assemblyman Miguel Santiago, D-Los Angeles, an writer of the regulation. The aide, who requested anonymity as a result of of workplace coverage, stated Santiago’s expectation is that the majority schools will use the cash to supply free tuition, offered that they undertake key reforms, like partnerships with Okay-12 faculties, further steerage to enhance college students’ possibilities of incomes a level, and different modifications as spelled out within the regulation.

In 2015-2016, 43 % of the state’s greater than 2 million community college college students certified for free tuition as low-income college students via a charge waiver that was just lately renamed the California College Promise Grant.

California Community Schools Chancellor Eloy Ortiz Oakley stated the regulation “will help foster a stronger culture of college participation hat will enhance upward social mobility in California.”   He stated that he hoped the Legislature would provide you with further funds “to offset the non-tuition costs that create barriers to college attendance for students with financial need.”

Sanctuary state (SB 54)

Senate Invoice 54, by state Senate President professional Tem Kevin De León, D-Los Angeles, prohibits native police and different authorities — together with those that work at faculties — from cooperating with federal immigration brokers and not using a warrant. De León stated the invoice will bolster belief between immigrant communities and state businesses, and result in enhancements in public security, faculty attendance and public well being.

Brown signed it Oct. 5 as half of a package deal of bills “to protect California’s hard-working immigrants.”

In his signing message, Brown outlined the protections offered by the invoice, however famous that it “does not prevent or prohibit Immigration and Customs Enforcement or the Department of Homeland Security from doing their own work in any way.” Nor does it “prohibit sheriffs from granting immigration authorities access to California jails” or “prevent cooperation in deportation proceedings” for these in prisons or jails for sure “serious offenses.”

Dozens of cities and faculty districts round California have already declared themselves protected havens or sanctuaries, providing various levels of protections for immigrants. The Trump administration, in the meantime, has threatened to withhold grants for so-called sanctuary cities and states, saying they hinder the federal authorities’s capability to implement immigration legal guidelines.

California Lawyer Basic Xavier Becerra filed a lawsuit towards the Trump administration in August, saying it had unconstitutionally tried to “force California law enforcement officials to engage in federal immigration enforcement, rather than allow them to use their discretion to determine how best to keep their communities safe.”

Ending meal shaming (SB 250)

Associated

Gov. Brown indicators invoice to finish ‘meal shaming’ in faculties

College students in California whose households owe cash for college lunches will not be given solely a snack — or nothing in any respect — till they’re all paid up. They’ll get the identical meal as all the opposite college students, beneath a invoice signed by the governor on Thursday.

With the unanimous passage of SB 250, sponsored by Sen. Robert Hertzberg, D-Los Angeles, California will be a part of a motion to not punish youngsters as a result of their mother and father fail to pay their lunch money owed. The invoice may even finish “meal shaming,” the follow utilized in some districts throughout the nation of verbally reprimanding college students within the lunch line or stamping youngsters’s palms as a reminder to their mother and father that they owe cash.

The invoice particularly says that districts will not be required to provide mother and father a move on not paying indefinitely. As an alternative it requires that districts do all they will to enroll households within the sponsored faculty lunch program and notify households of unpaid balances when they’re 10 days behind.

The state PTA and the California Academics Affiliation have been amongst organizations that backed the invoice, which had no official opposition.

Faculty District Monetary Reserves (SB 751)

In 2014, the California Academics Affiliation persuaded Brown to incorporate a cap on district reserves as a result of it suspected districts have been hoarding cash. The cap would take impact, underneath some circumstances, in favorable income years, after the Legislature put cash for faculties in a state reserve. In that case, districts must decrease their reserves to a mean of 6 % of their Basic Fund income.

Faculty teams stated the restrict was too low, probably jeopardizing solvency — particularly for small districts extra weak to unexpected occasions.

Assemblyman Patrick O’Donnell, D-Lengthy Seashore, and Sen. Jerry Hill, D-San Mateo, negotiated a compromise in Hill’s SB 751:

  • The cap on districts will take impact the year after the Legislature contributes three % of the Common Fund into the state Okay-12 reserve;
  • All districts with fewer than 2,501 college students shall be exempt, together with primary assist districts, which fund faculties via native property taxes;
  • The mixed cap on assigned reserves (designated for particular functions) and unassigned reserves shall be 10 % of a district’s Common Fund.
  • As underneath present regulation, county superintendents can grant districts an exemption in two consecutive years and boards can put aside further cash for a selected objective in a “defined reserve.”

Brown’s signing message endorsed native management, however stated “further clarification in the form of a technical amendment is necessary regarding the application of the 10 percent cap to ensure that this bill is implemented as intended should the reserve cap ever be triggered.”

Susan Henry, president of the California Faculty Boards Affiliation, lauded the invoice’s victory.

“We’re thrilled that school boards now have more flexibility to make sound fiscal choices as dictated by the needs of their students and their communities,” she stated.

Visible and performing arts content material requirements in media arts (AB 37)

Meeting Invoice 37, by Assemblyman Patrick O’Donnell, D-Lengthy Seashore, requires the Superintendent of Public Instruction, in session with the Educational High quality Fee, to advocate visible and performing arts requirements within the topic of media arts to the State Board of Schooling. That is along with content material requirements in dance, theater, music, and visible arts, which have been already required to be advisable and adopted, rejected, or modified by the state board on or earlier than Jan. 31, 2019.

This invoice requires the media arts requirements to undergo the identical improvement, public evaluate, and approval course of as the opposite visible and performing arts requirements.

“AB 37 establishes California’s first set of stand-alone media arts standards as the fifth discipline within current visual and performing arts standards, supporting teachers and school districts that choose to teach media arts as a separate discipline in pre-K through 12th grade classes,” O’Donnell stated in a press release after the invoice was signed in July. “These standards will offer students opportunities to explore artistic projects such as video production, sound design, and game design, among others.”

Faculty amenities design and development laws (AB 203)

On Sunday, the governor signed AB 203 by Assemblyman Patrick O’Donnell, D-Lengthy Seashore, which requires the Workplace of Public Faculty Development to work with the California Division of Schooling to create guidelines that may give faculty districts extra flexibility in designing faculty amenities and would require the division to supply help to small districts in search of to construct or fund faculty buildings. However Brown hooked up a signing message calling for “additional steps to bring greater flexibility to the School Facilities Program.”

“This could include some modifications to Prop. 51, which now makes the system far too rigid,” he wrote. “I look forward to working with the author and school districts to achieve more substantial reforms.”

Brown had come out towards Prop. 51 earlier than voters accepted it, saying bigger districts have been in a greater place to take benefit of the funding as a result of of their strong staffs, whereas smaller districts could possibly be omitted.

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Native American Research mannequin curriculum (AB 738)

Brown signed AB 738 on “Indigenous People’s Day,” Oct. 9, which has taken the place of Columbus Day in lots of communities. The invoice requires the state to develop and undertake, modify, or revise a mannequin curriculum in Native American research and to encourage faculties that serve college students in grades 9 to 12, which don’t already supply a standards-based Native American research curriculum, to supply such a course based mostly on the mannequin curriculum.

“AB 738 is about communities telling their own stories that can be passed on to future generations,” stated Assemblywoman Monique Limón, D-Santa Barbara, who authored the invoice. “A school curriculum that draws upon and reflects the history of all students, especially underrepresented students, is critical in providing a positive, engaging and meaningful experience in the classroom.”

To protect Native American tradition and historical past, the mannequin curriculum shall be designed with enter from tribes. California has the most important Native American inhabitants in the USA and the third largest American Indian scholar inhabitants, in line with Limón.

Kenneth Kahn, Tribal Chairman of the Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians, thanked Limón and the governor “for making this dream a reality.”

“The passage of this bill means that students will have an opportunity to learn about our history, our journey, our sovereignty and our culture through a curriculum that will be developed with vital input and oversight from Native American tribes,” he stated.

Constitution faculties pupil admissions, suspensions, and expulsions (AB 1360)

Meeting Invoice 1360, signed by Brown on Friday, requires constitution faculties to offer a complete description of how faculty insurance policies will adjust to federal and state constitutional due course of necessities resembling truthful discover and the correct to be heard when contemplating involuntary removing.

The invoice, which was launched by Assemblyman Rob Bonta, D-Oakland, strengthens due course of rights for constitution faculty college students on issues associated to expulsions and prohibits charters from utilizing admissions insurance policies to exclude scholar candidates. It additionally strengthens constitution faculty “equal access” regulation by requiring charters to inform mother and father that parental involvement is just not a requirement for scholar acceptance or continued enrollment.

Academics’ unions and the California Constitution Faculties Affiliation supported the laws.

“Charter schools are part of the statewide public school system and must have nondiscriminatory admission policies, as well as suspension and expulsion policies that guarantee all students appropriate due process rights,” the California Academics Affiliation stated in a press release. “Any practices that serve to weed out certain children or families — whether intentional or unintentional — are not acceptable and must be eliminated.”

Carlos Marquez, senior vice chairman of authorities affairs for the California Constitution Faculties Affiliation, praised the brand new regulation.

“Equity and access are pillars of the charter public school movement,” he stated. “By signing this bill, Governor Brown has made California’s charter public schools stronger for students throughout the state.”

Early Childhood Schooling

Youngster care for folks in ESL courses (AB 273)

Accepted by Brown on Thursday, AB 273 would permit mother and father who’re enrolled in English as a second language courses or highschool equivalency courses to be eligible for sponsored youngster care providers. Households will be capable of state, as a standards for eligibility, that they want help with youngster care providers as a result of they’re enrolled in English as a second language courses or a program to earn a highschool diploma.

Beneath earlier regulation, households have been required to satisfy a minimum of one requirement in every of two classes to be eligible for these providers. In a single of these classes, mother and father needed to state the rationale they wanted help with youngster care providers. This class will now embrace an avenue for folks who’re studying English or attaining a highschool diploma.

“If you can’t learn English or get your GED, you can’t pursue higher education or enter job training,” stated Assemblywoman Cecilia Aguiar-Curry, D-Winters, writer of the invoice. “If you can’t afford childcare, you can’t get these classes.”

She predicted the brand new regulation would “support and empower parents who are taking the foundational steps to support their families and find work for years to come.”

Early trauma screening (AB 340)

Meeting Invoice 340, signed by Brown on Thursday, will increase screening for youngsters impacted by trauma. It’ll require that the State Division of Social Providers and others undertake, develop and make use of protocols for screening youngsters for trauma and can permit the division to develop uniform protocols for screening.

The invoice may even require businesses concerned to report findings and proposals.

Beneath the earlier regulation, via Medi-Cal, households might obtain screening and remedy underneath the Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic, and Remedy program, or ESDPT. Nevertheless, this program didn’t embrace a provision to particularly display youngsters for trauma. This invoice will add the supply to incorporate screening for trauma within the ESDPT program.

Proscribing preschool expulsions (AB 752)

Permitted by Brown on Thursday, AB 752 will prohibit state-funded private and non-private pre-school packages from expelling or unenrolling a toddler as a result of of a toddler’s conduct until the varsity has explored and documented “reasonable steps to maintain the child’s safe participation in the program.” As well as, the varsity website will probably be required to seek the advice of with a number of events and thru due course of point out that the kid poses a security menace to different youngsters enrolled in this system as a way to proceed with expulsion.

The preschool program should even be ready to refer the father or mother or authorized guardian to various program placements for the kid within the community.

Different Larger Schooling bills

Reforming remedial schooling (AB 705)

The opposite main replace to the community college system is AB 705, which the Legislature handed unanimously final month.

The regulation requires community schools to make use of college students’ highschool GPA or coursework as half of the suite of instruments to decide whether or not they’re prepared for college-level math and English courses. This can be a break from present apply during which schools largely depend on standardized exams, one thing many specialists consider is an unfair follow as a result of they are saying highschool grades seize a extra strong snapshot of how a lot college students know.

The regulation may even bar schools from assigning college students to remedial courses until their evaluations — together with highschool work — make it clear they “are highly unlikely” to achieve college-level math and English programs. That provision is a response to analysis that means college students who bypass remedial programs and are positioned in college-level courses study the fabric quicker and usually tend to attain a level or certificates.

California Community Schools chancellor Eloy Ortiz Oakley referred to as the invoice “a win-win for our students, colleges and the state’s taxpayers.”

College Promise Partnership Act (AB 1533)

A program set to run out this year that may be a nationwide mannequin for a way a faculty district can associate with its native community and four-year schools turned everlasting after Gov. Brown’s signature final week.

Meeting Invoice 1533 by Assemblyman Patrick O’Donnell, D–Lengthy Seashore, gave the Lengthy Seashore College Promise Partnership Act new life after its preliminary half-decade run by which it was credited with growing switch charges from community college to CSU Lengthy Seashore. The Promise, because it’s recognized, features a bevy of methods for growing college entrance and completion, like permitting highschool college students to take college programs, mentoring and clearer pathways for attaining a level or certificates.

The invoice acquired unanimous help from lawmakers in each chambers.

UC requests from the California State Auditor’s Workplace: prohibition on coordination (AB 1655)

The governor signed a invoice that seeks to make sure that the state Auditor has entry to dependable details about the 10 College of California campuses with out interference or manipulation by the UC’s central Workplace of the President. The invoice, AB 1655, was written by Assemblyman Tim Grayson, D-Harmony, and handed each homes of the legislature unanimously.

It grew out of an issue final spring by which an audit report alleged that the UC president’s workplace had wrongly gotten concerned in a survey about how the campuses price the providers offered by the UC system’s central administration. The audit documented situations of how campuses’ preliminary responses have been modified to be extra favorable after consulting with the president’s workplace.

The brand new regulation prohibits campuses “from coordinating their responses with, or seeking counsel, advice, or similar contact” from the UC president’s workplace when the state Auditor’s Workplace asks for details about spending. It additionally requires the auditor to incorporate an specific assertion in such requests that the president’s workplace not be told about it.

UC denied it was making an attempt to dam the auditor from doing its job. It additionally claimed that the auditor had mischaracterized $175 million in particular UC funds as undisclosed. UC stated that a lot of that cash was dedicated to varied tasks and causes and have been by no means hidden from view.

The regulation additionally calls for extra transparency when UC stories each different year about its complete prices of schooling. It requires that the spending info be based mostly on publicly obtainable knowledge and on precise expenditures within the prior year quite than estimates.

Notable vetoes

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Gov. Brown should determine destiny of maternity pay, summer time fund for low-paid faculty staff

Brown on Sunday vetoed AB 568, sponsored by Assemblymember Lorena Gonzalez Fletcher, D-San Diego, which might have required faculty districts, constitution faculties and community schools to offer at the very least six weeks of full pay for pregnancy-related leaves of absence for many staff. In his veto message, Brown stated he had signed two different bills in 2015 and 2016 that permit for “differential pay” associated to maternity and paternity depart.

“I believe further decisions regarding leave policies for school employees are best resolved through the collective bargaining process at the local level,” he wrote. “I would also encourage districts to consider participating in the State Disability Insurance program that would allow these employees to receive pay in addition to what is already being provided.”

Categorized faculty staff Summer time Furlough Fund (AB 621)

To assist present a gentle revenue to some “classified” faculty staff who are usually not certificated academics or directors through the summer time months when they don’t seem to be working, Assemblyman Raul Bocanegra, D-Pacoima, authored AB 621 to create a Categorised Faculty Staff Summer time Furlough Fund that may have offered a state match on a two-to-one foundation for many who voluntarily contributed to the fund. However Brown vetoed the invoice on Oct. eight, saying in his veto message that “employee compensation is a matter subject to local collective bargaining.”

“This bill reduces the flexibility of local educational agencies and bargaining units to agree on employee compensation in a manner that reflects local needs, resources and priorities,” he wrote.

Details about bills that didn’t cross the legislature or make it to the governor’s desk — however that would resurface subsequent year — could be discovered right here.

EdSource writers Theresa Harrington, John Fensterwald, Mikhail Zinshteyn, Larry Gordon, Ashley Hopkinson, George White and Carolyn Jones contributed to this text. 

This report was up to date on Oct. 17 at eight p.m. to mirror the uncertainties about what college students would profit from the schooling provisions of AB 19. 

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