Gov. Jerry Brown
Gov. Jerry Brown wrapped up his final legislative session this week and in doing so turned probably the most prolific decider of legal guidelines in California historical past. Throughout his 16 years as governor — two phrases spanning the late 1970s and early 1980s and two phrases this decade — he signed a complete of 17,851 payments and vetoed 1,829.
This yr’s crop included dozens that touched on a plethora of education-related points — starting from faculty begin occasions to for-profit constitution faculties, standardized checks, self-discipline, psychological well being and early education.
Brown largely stayed true to his beliefs in native management on the subject of education coverage and vetoed a number of high-profile measures that got here with statewide mandates. In the meantime, he signed payments that, amongst different issues, protected poor college students and provided low-cost options to enhancing faculty security.
Right here’s a rundown of the governor’s selections on a few of the most-watched education laws that crossed his desk:
Faculty begin occasions. SB 328 (Anthony Portantino D-Los Angeles/San Bernardino counties). Vetoed.
This bill would have required all center and excessive faculties to start out no sooner than Eight:30 a.m., besides in rural areas, by July 1, 2021. This may not have utilized to so-called “zero periods,” that are non-compulsory additional courses typically provided earlier than the common faculty day begins. Based mostly on scientific analysis, supporters argued that teen sleep deprivation causes melancholy, poor grades and attendance, in addition to larger dropout charges. However, in his veto message, Gov. Jerry Brown agreed with opponents, who say this concern must be determined by native faculty districts. (See earlier EdSource article.)
SAT/ACT check choice. AB 1951 (Patrick O’Donnell, D-Lengthy Seashore). Vetoed.
Greater than three dozen faculty districts and constitution faculty organizations supply the school admissions exams ACT or SAT without spending a dime to all juniors. The bill would have allowed districts to switch the Smarter Balanced 11th-grade check with ACT or SAT. Supporters name the state’s standardized check, used for district accountability, personally irrelevant to test-burdened juniors. The College of California lately stated it can research the feasibility of utilizing Smarter Balanced for school admissions selections. In his veto message, Brown stated he’d choose that choice, so it’s greatest to attend and see what UC and CSU, which introduced this week it is going to reassess its use of SAT and ACT, determine. (See earlier EdSource article.)
For-profit constitution faculties. AB 406 (Kevin McCarty, D-Sacramento). Signed.
Constitution faculties which might be owned by for-profit corporations and nonprofit constitution faculties which might be managed and managed by for-profit firms will probably be banned underneath this new regulation. Brown vetoed a earlier bill for probably ensnaring nonprofit constitution faculties that contract providers with for-profit corporations, however was persuaded this bill was tailor-made extra narrowly. Company-run on-line constitution faculties, which make up lower than Three % of constitution faculties in California, are the goal of the bill. (See earlier EdSource article.)
Ethnic research. AB 2772 (Jose Medina, D-Riverside). Vetoed.
As initially written, the bill would have required all college students to take a course in ethnic research, educating the cultures and historical past of the state’s numerous ethnic and racial teams, in highschool. The scaled-back model, which Brown vetoed, would have funded 11 districts’ pilot packages, utilizing a mannequin curriculum beneath improvement by the state, on the situation that each one college students take a minimum of a semester earlier than commencement. “I am reluctant to encourage yet another graduation requirement” for already “overburdened” college students, Brown wrote in his veto message.
Ban on suspensions for “disruption and defiance.” SB 607 (Nancy Skinner, D-Berkeley). Vetoed.
Though suspensions in California faculties — notably these having to do with classroom disruption — have dropped dramatically in recent times, they’re nonetheless disproportionately meted out to African-American college students and college students with disabilities. This bill would have expanded the present statewide ban on “disruption and defiance” suspensions, which covers grades Okay-Three, to incorporate grades Okay-Eight. Brown, who vetoed an analogous bill in 2012, stated in his veto message that “Teachers and principals are on the front lines of educating our children and are in the best position to make decisions about order and discipline in the classrooms.” (See earlier EdSource article.)
Restraint and seclusion of scholars. AB 2657 (Shirley Weber, D-San Diego). Signed.
This bill bars California faculty employees from bodily restraining Okay-12 college students or isolating them in “seclusion rooms” until the scholar’s conduct creates an imminent bodily menace. It additionally reinstates a requirement that faculty districts report knowledge on using restraints and seclusion to the California Division of Education. And it prohibits sure restraint methods which are thought-about harmful. (See earlier EdSource article)
Ending school in 4 years. AB 2248 (Kevin McCarty, D-Sacramento). Signed.
As a part of California’s elevated focus on having college students earn a bachelor’s diploma on time, this regulation makes it clear to college students what number of courses they should take a semester to be on monitor to graduate in 4 years. Amongst different issues, it orders the state company administering the Cal Grant to tell college students receiving the monetary help that in an effort to graduate in 4 years, they want a minimum of 15 models a semester, or the quarter-system equal.
Bachelor’s levels in group schools. SB 1406 (Jerry Hill, D- San Mateo). Signed.
A novel pilot program that has allowed 15 group schools to award bachelor’s levels will probably be prolonged beneath this regulation. The extension provides extra college students an opportunity to benefit from a comparatively low-cost diploma and the state extra time to review the influence of this system. The pilot was first created by way of laws handed in 2015 and restricted levels to solely these not provided by the state’s public four-year universities. (See earlier EdSource article.)
Extra psychological well being counselors for school college students SB 968 (Richard Pan, D-Sacramento). Vetoed.
What many describe as a psychological well being disaster on school campuses was addressed by this bill. It might have required every College of California and California State College campus to have one psychological well being counselor for each 1,500 college students. In his veto message, Brown referred to as the trouble an “understandable goal” however stated particular higher-education investments ought to undergo the finances course of. He additionally argued that native boards or campuses, not the state, ought to dictate student-employee ratios.
Free and decreased priced meals in constitution faculties. AB 1871 (Rob Bonta, D-Oakland). Signed
State regulation requires that faculty districts present a minimum of one free or reduced-price meal per day to low-income college students. Many constitution faculties already supply federally sponsored lunches and breakfasts. As of subsequent fall, all constitution faculties should serve nutritious meals as properly underneath the brand new regulation. Greater than half of the state’s 680,000 constitution faculty college students would qualify for this system. The California Constitution Faculties Affiliation supported AB 1971.
Uncollected meal money owed. AB 1974 (Lorena Gonzales-Fletcher, D-Oceanside). Signed.
Final yr, the Legislature banned “meal shaming,” the follow in some districts of withholding faculty lunches or serving snacks, like cheese sticks, as an alternative of a totally nutritious meal to youngsters whose mother and father have been behind of their meals funds. This yr, lawmakers added protections. This new regulation forbids districts from withholding transcripts or diplomas from college students for unpaid money owed and bill collectors from reporting unpaid mother and father’ funds to credit score businesses.
Media literacy and digital citizenship. SB 830 and SB 947 (Bill Dodd, D-Napa; Hannah-Beth Jackson, D-Santa Barbara). Signed/Vetoed.
Two Senate payments addressed America’s pretend information epidemic. The primary, SB 830, referred to as for the California Division of Education to make out there to high school districts on its web site an inventory of assets and educational supplies on media literacy, together with skilled improvement packages for academics. The opposite, SB 947, would have established a state-based advisory committee tasked with creating greatest practices, assets and fashions for instruction of digital citizenship and media literacy. Brown signed SB 830 and vetoed SB 947. In his veto message, Brown cited native management as his main purpose for rejecting the bill.
Classroom door locks. AB 3205 (Patrick O’Donnell, D-Lengthy Seashore). Signed.
The February bloodbath at Marjory Stoneman Douglas Excessive Faculty in Parkland, Florida, led to a nationwide push to bolster faculty security. This bill requires that any faculty modernization undertaking executed with cash from the state’s faculty facility bond program embrace locks that permit doorways to lecture rooms and any room with an occupancy of 5 or extra individuals to be locked from the within. The estimated annual value might be as excessive as $750,000, relying on the variety of lecture rooms retrofitted annually. (See earlier EdSource article.)
Faculty security plans. AB 1747 (Freddie Rodriguez, D-Pomona). Signed.
One other post-Parkland bill, this one expands the required parts of faculty security plans, together with procedures to answer lively shooter conditions. Amongst different issues, it requires faculties to conduct annual lively shooter drills and requires the California Division of Education to offer further steerage and oversight of security plans. The estimated annual statewide value of the bill is $5 million. (See earlier EdSource article.)
Gun violence restraining orders. AB 2888 (Phil Ting, D-San Francisco). Vetoed.
California is amongst a handful of states nationwide which have “red flag” legal guidelines, which make it attainable for sure people to hunt a restraining order to briefly take away somebody’s weapons due to the approaching hazard they pose to themselves or others. At present, solely regulation enforcement and fast relations can file for such a restraining order. This measure would have expanded the record to incorporate faculty personnel, amongst others. In his veto message, Brown stated the enlargement is pointless as a result of faculty personnel can work via regulation enforcement to acquire the restraining orders. (See earlier EdSource article.)
Developmental screening for toddlers. AB 11 (Kevin McCarty, D-Sacramento; Rob Bonta, D-Oakland). Vetoed.
AB 11 would have required developmental screenings for all youngsters, start to age Three, beneath Medi-Cal well being protection. Developmental screenings are evaluations that may determine if a toddler’s improvement is on monitor. AB 11 would additionally require annual reporting of those screenings for 5 consecutive years to make sure correct and on-time compliance. In his veto message, Brown stated Medi-Cal already requires these screenings and this bill would require unneeded reporting.
Intercourse ed in constitution faculties. AB 2601 (Shirley Weber, D-San Diego). Signed.
Till now, constitution faculties have been exempt from the California Wholesome Youth Act, which requires that public faculties train “medically accurate” and “age appropriate” complete intercourse education. Amongst different issues, the regulation delves into particular points relating to the sexual well being and improvement of LGBTQ college students and addresses points referring to HIV prevention, relationship abuse and intercourse trafficking. Starting within the 2019-20 faculty yr, constitution faculties should train complete intercourse education starting within the seventh grade. (See earlier EdSource article.)
EdSource employees writers Ashley Hopkinson, Mikhail Zinshteyn and Theresa Harrington contributed to this report.